AXIS Capital Reports First Quarter Net Income Available to Common Shareholders of $388 Million, or $4.53 Per Diluted Common Share and Operating Income of $220 Million, or $2.57 Per Diluted Common Share

Company Release - 5/1/2024 4:15 PM ET

For the first quarter of 2024, the Company reports:

  • Annualized return on average common equity ("ROACE") of 32.1% and annualized operating ROACE of 18.2%
  • Income tax benefit of $125 million, inclusive of a net deferred tax benefit of $163 million attributable to Bermuda's Corporate Income Tax
  • Book value per diluted common share of $57.13, an increase of $3.07, or 5.7%, compared to December 31, 2023
  • Combined ratio of 91.1%

AXIS Capital Holdings Limited ("AXIS Capital" or "AXIS" or "the Company") (NYSE: AXS) today announced financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2024.

Commenting on the first quarter 2024 financial results, Vince Tizzio, President and CEO of AXIS Capital said:

"The results of the first quarter once again evidence that AXIS is elevating its financial performance, producing consistent returns and strong metrics. Reflecting the increased resiliency and consistency of our portfolio, AXIS delivered 18.2% annualized operating ROE and a combined ratio of 91.1%. We continued to capitalize on generally favorable market conditions, growing gross premiums written by 11% over the prior year period.

"Our specialty insurance business continues to perform very strongly, achieving a combined ratio of 86.6% and record first quarter premium production of $1.6 billion, fueled by double digit premium growth across both our North America and London-based Global Markets divisions. During the quarter, both our insurance and reinsurance businesses leaned into our targeted markets while exhibiting strong cycle management and underwriting discipline.

"We also further invested in our global underwriting platform, tapping into new revenue channels including expanding our specialty product set in North America while launching the first-ever dedicated Global Energy Transition syndicate at Lloyd’s. In addition, we continued to strengthen our operational capabilities through our 'How We Work' program to build a more efficient, connected, and data-driven AXIS."

First Quarter Consolidated Results*

  • Net income available to common shareholders for the first quarter of 2024 was $388 million, or $4.53 per diluted common share, compared to net income available to common shareholders of $173 million, or $2.01 per diluted common share, for the first quarter of 2023.
  • Operating income 1 for the first quarter of 2024 was $220 million, or $2.57 per diluted common share, compared to operating income of $200 million, or $2.33 per diluted common share, for the first quarter of 2023.
  • Net investment income for the first quarter of 2024 was $167 million, compared to $134 million, for the first quarter of 2023, an increase of $34 million or 25%, attributable to an increase in income from our fixed maturities portfolio due to increased yields.
  • Book yield of fixed maturities was 4.3% at March 31, 2024, compared to 3.7% at March 31, 2023. The market yield was 5.6% at March 31, 2024.
  • Reorganization expenses of $12 million primarily relate to severance costs mainly attributable to our "How We Work" program which is focused on simplifying our operating structure. Reorganization expenses are excluded from operating income (loss).
  • On December 27, 2023, the Government of Bermuda enacted the Corporate Income Tax Act 2023 (the "Act") which will apply a corporate income tax of 15% for fiscal years beginning on or after January 1, 2025. The Act includes a provision referred to as the economic transition adjustment, which is intended to provide a fair and equitable transition into the tax regime. Pursuant to the Act and subsequently issued guidance, we recorded a net deferred tax asset of $163 million in the first quarter of 2024 which we expect to utilize mainly over a 10-year period. We expect to incur increased taxes in Bermuda beginning in 2025. The Bermuda net deferred tax benefit is excluded from operating income (loss).
  • Income tax benefit of $125 million for the first quarter of 2024 was principally due to the net deferred tax benefit discussed above, partially offset by income tax expense associated with pre-tax income.
  • Book value per diluted common share was $57.13 at March 31, 2024, an increase of $3.07, or 5.7%, compared to December 31, 2023, driven by net income, partially offset by common share dividends declared, and unrealized investment losses.
  • Book value per diluted common share increased by $6.82, or 13.6%, over the past twelve months, driven by net income, and net unrealized investment gains, partially offset by common share dividends declared.
  • Adjusted for dividends declared and Bermuda net deferred tax asset, book value per diluted common share increased by $6.70, or 13.3%, over the past twelve months.
  • Adjusted for net unrealized investment losses, after-tax, book value per diluted common share was $61.56.
  • Total capital returned to common shareholders was $100 million in the quarter, including share repurchases of $62 million and dividends of $38 million.

* Amounts may not reconcile due to rounding differences.

1 Operating income (loss) and operating income (loss) per diluted common share are non-GAAP financial measures as defined in SEC Regulation G. The reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP financial measures, net income (loss) available (attributable) to common shareholders and earnings (loss) per diluted common share, respectively, and a discussion of the rationale for the presentation of these items are provided later in this press release.

First Quarter Consolidated Underwriting Highlights2

  • Gross premiums written increased by $272 million, or 11%, to $2.7 billion with an increase of $159 million, or 11% in the insurance segment, and an increase of $114 million, or 12% in the reinsurance segment.
  • Net premiums written increased by $114 million, or 7% ($100 million, or 6%, on a constant currency basis(3)), to $1.7 billion with an increase of $140 million, or 16% in the insurance segment, partially offset by a decrease of $26 million, or 4% in the reinsurance segment.

 

Three months ended March 31,

KEY RATIOS

2024

 

2023

 

Change

Current accident year loss ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses(4)

56.4

%

 

55.8

%

 

0.6 pts

Catastrophe and weather-related losses ratio

1.5

%

 

3.1

%

 

(1.6 pts)

Current accident year loss ratio

57.9

%

 

58.9

%

 

(1.0 pts)

Prior year reserve development ratio

%

 

(0.3

%)

 

0.3 pts

Net losses and loss expenses ratio

57.9

%

 

58.6

%

 

(0.7 pts)

Acquisition cost ratio

20.2

%

 

18.7

%

 

1.5 pts

General and administrative expense ratio

13.0

%

 

13.6

%

 

(0.6 pts)

Combined ratio

91.1

%

 

90.9

%

 

0.2 pts

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year combined ratio

91.1

%

 

91.2

%

 

(0.1 pts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year combined ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses

89.6

%

 

88.1

%

 

1.5 pts

  • Pre-tax catastrophe and weather-related losses, net of reinsurance, were $20 million, (Insurance: $19 million; Reinsurance: $1 million), or 1.5 points.

2 All comparisons are with the same period of the prior year, unless otherwise stated.

3 Amounts presented on a constant currency basis are non-GAAP financial measures as defined in SEC Regulation G. The constant currency basis is calculated by applying the average foreign exchange rate from the current year to prior year amounts. The reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP financial measures is provided above and a discussion of the rationale for the presentation of these items is provided later in this press release.

4 The current accident year loss ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses is calculated by dividing the current accident year losses less pre-tax catastrophe and weather-related losses, net of reinsurance, by net premiums earned less reinstatement premiums.

Segment Highlights

Insurance Segment

 

Three months ended March 31,

($ in thousands)

2024

 

2023

 

Change

Gross premiums written

$

1,574,505

 

 

$

1,415,612

 

 

11.2

%

Net premiums written

 

1,022,354

 

 

 

882,576

 

 

15.8

%

Net premiums earned

 

917,946

 

 

 

816,456

 

 

12.4

%

Underwriting income

 

122,987

 

 

 

103,355

 

 

19.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underwriting ratios:

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year loss ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses

 

52.0

%

 

 

52.2

%

 

(0.2 pts)

Catastrophe and weather-related losses ratio

 

2.1

%

 

 

3.0

%

 

(0.9 pts)

Current accident year loss ratio

 

54.1

%

 

 

55.2

%

 

(1.1 pts)

Prior year reserve development ratio

 

%

 

 

(0.1

%)

 

0.1 pts

Net losses and loss expenses ratio

 

54.1

%

 

 

55.1

%

 

(1.0 pts)

Acquisition cost ratio

 

19.2

%

 

 

18.0

%

 

1.2 pts

Underwriting-related general and administrative expense ratio

 

13.3

%

 

 

14.2

%

 

(0.9 pts)

Combined ratio

 

86.6

%

 

 

87.3

%

 

(0.7 pts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year combined ratio

 

86.6

%

 

 

87.4

%

 

(0.8 pts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year combined ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses

 

84.5

%

 

 

84.4

%

 

0.1 pts

  • Gross premiums written increased by $159 million, or 11%, attributable to increases in all lines of business with the exception of cyber lines which decreased in the quarter, principally due to premium adjustments and a reduction in premiums associated with program business.
  • Net premiums written increased by $140 million, or 16%, reflecting the increase in gross premiums written in the quarter, together with a decrease in premiums ceded in cyber and professional lines.
  • The current accident year loss ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses is consistent with recent quarters.
  • The acquisition cost ratio increased by 1.2 points, primarily related to changes in business mix associated with an increase in property, and accident and health lines business written in recent periods and a decrease in ceding commissions mainly in professional lines and cyber lines.
  • The underwriting-related general and administrative expense ratio decreased by 0.9 points, mainly driven by an increase in net premiums earned and continued expense discipline.

Reinsurance Segment

 

Three months ended March 31,

($ in thousands)

2024

 

2023

 

Change

Gross premiums written

$

1,079,922

 

 

$

966,364

 

 

11.8

%

Net premiums written

 

699,719

 

 

 

725,780

 

 

(3.6

%)

Net premiums earned

 

340,095

 

 

 

413,743

 

 

(17.8

%)

Underwriting income

 

22,676

 

 

 

36,011

 

 

(37.0

%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underwriting ratios:

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year loss ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses

 

68.0

%

 

 

63.0

%

 

5.0 pts

Catastrophe and weather-related losses ratio

 

0.2

%

 

 

3.3

%

 

(3.1 pts)

Current accident year loss ratio

 

68.2

%

 

 

66.3

%

 

1.9 pts

Prior year reserve development ratio

 

%

 

 

(0.8

%)

 

0.8 pts

Net losses and loss expenses ratio

 

68.2

%

 

 

65.5

%

 

2.7 pts

Acquisition cost ratio

 

23.0

%

 

 

20.1

%

 

2.9 pts

Underwriting-related general and administrative expense ratio

 

4.6

%

 

 

5.8

%

 

(1.2 pts)

Combined ratio

 

95.8

%

 

 

91.4

%

 

4.4 pts

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year combined ratio

 

95.8

%

 

 

92.2

%

 

3.6 pts

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current accident year combined ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses

 

95.6

%

 

 

88.9

%

 

6.7 pts

  • Gross premiums written increased by $114 million, or 12% ($102 million, or 11%, on a constant currency basis), due to an increase of $139 million attributable to all ongoing specialty lines of business mainly related to new business and the timing of renewals of significant contracts, partially offset by a decrease in run-off lines.
  • Net premiums written decreased by $26 million, or 4% ($37 million, or 5%, on a constant currency basis), reflecting an increase in premiums ceded to our strategic capital partners, partially offset by the increase in gross premiums written in the quarter.
  • The current accident year loss ratio, excluding catastrophe and weather-related losses increased by 5.0 points principally due to elevated loss experience in marine and aviation lines, and changes in business mix associated with the exit from catastrophe and property lines of business.
  • The acquisition cost ratio increased by 2.9 points, primarily related to adjustments attributable to loss-sensitive features driven by improved loss performance mainly in liability, credit and surety, and accident and health lines.
  • The underwriting-related general and administrative expense ratio decreased by 1.2 points, mainly driven by an increase in fees related to arrangements with strategic capital partners, partially offset by a decrease in net premiums earned.

Investments

 

Three months ended March 31,

($ in thousands)

2024

 

2023

Net investment income

$

167,383

 

 

$

133,771

 

Net investment gains (losses)

 

(9,207

)

 

 

(20,190

)

Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on fixed maturities(5)

 

(51,963

)

 

 

212,922

 

Interest in income (loss) of equity method investments

 

1,169

 

 

 

(2,205

)

Total

$

107,382

 

 

$

324,298

 

 

 

 

 

Average cash and investments (6)

$

16,822,621

 

 

$

15,832,861

 

 

 

 

 

Total return on average cash and investments, pre-tax:

 

 

 

Including investment related foreign exchange movements

 

0.6

%

 

 

2.0

%

Excluding investment related foreign exchange movements(7)

 

0.8

%

 

 

1.9

%

 

 

 

 

  • Net investment income increased by $34 million, or 25%, compared to the first quarter of 2023, attributable to an increase in income from our fixed maturities portfolio due to increased yields.
  • Net investment losses recognized in net income (loss) for the quarter primarily related to net realized losses on the sale of fixed maturities, partially offset by net realized and unrealized gains on equity securities.
  • Change in net unrealized losses, pre-tax of $52 million ($39 million excluding foreign exchange movements) recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) in the quarter due to a decrease in the market value of our fixed maturities portfolio attributable to increased yields, compared to change in net unrealized gains, pre-tax of $213 million ($191 million excluding foreign exchange movements) recognized during the first quarter of 2023.
  • Book yield of fixed maturities was 4.3% at March 31, 2024, compared to 3.7% at March 31, 2023 and 4.2% at December 31, 2023. The market yield was 5.6% at March 31, 2024.

5 Change in net unrealized gains (losses) on fixed maturities is calculated by taking net unrealized gains (losses) at period end less net unrealized gains (losses) at the prior period end.

6 The average cash and investments balance is calculated by taking the average of the monthly fair value balances.

7 Pre-tax total return on cash and investments excluding foreign exchange movements is a non-GAAP financial measure as defined in SEC Regulation G. The reconciliation to pre-tax total return on cash and investments, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, also included foreign exchange (losses) gains of $(25) million and $19 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

Capitalization / Shareholders’ Equity

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

($ in thousands)

2024

 

2023

 

Change

Total capital(8)

$

6,819,229

 

$

6,576,910

 

$

242,319

  • Total capital of $6.8 billion included $1.3 billion of debt and $550 million of preferred equity, compared to $6.6 billion at December 31, 2023, with the increase driven by net income, partially offset by common share dividends declared, net unrealized investment losses reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), and the repurchase of common shares, including $62 million repurchased pursuant to our Board-authorized share repurchase program.
  • At March 31, 2024, we had $38 million of remaining authorization under our Board-authorized share repurchase program for common share repurchases through December 31, 2024.

Book Value per diluted common share

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

March 31,

 

2024

 

2023

 

2023

Book value per diluted common share(9)

$

57.13

 

$

54.06

 

$

50.31

  • Dividends declared were $0.44 per common share in the current quarter and $1.76 per common share over the past twelve months.

 

Three months ended,

 

Twelve months ended,

 

March 31, 2024

 

March 31, 2024

 

Change

 

% Change

 

Change

 

% Change

Book value per diluted common share

$

3.07

 

5.7

%

 

$

6.82

 

13.6

%

Book value per diluted common share - adjusted for dividends declared

$

3.51

 

6.5

%

 

$

8.58

 

17.1

%

  • Book value per diluted common share increased by $3.07 in the quarter, driven by net income, partially offset by net unrealized investment losses reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), and common share dividends declared.
  • Book value per diluted common share increased by $6.82 over the past twelve months, driven by net income, and net unrealized investment gains reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), partially offset by common share dividends declared.
  • Adjusted for net unrealized investment losses, after-tax, reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), book value per diluted common share was $61.56.
  • Adjusted for dividends declared, the book value per diluted common share increased by $3.51 for the quarter, and increased by $8.58 over the past twelve months.

8 Total capital represents the sum of total shareholders' equity and debt.

9 Calculated using the treasury stock method.

Conference Call

We will host a conference call on Thursday, May 2, 2024 at 9:30 a.m. (EDT) to discuss the first quarter financial results and related matters. The teleconference can be accessed by dialing 1-877-883-0383 (U.S. callers), or 1-412-902-6506 (international callers), and entering the passcode 8824838 approximately ten minutes in advance of the call. A live, listen-only webcast of the call will also be available via the Investor Information section of our website at www.axiscapital.com. A replay of the teleconference will be available for two weeks by dialing 1-877-344-7529 (U.S. callers), or 1-412-317-0088 (international callers), and entering the passcode 1291489. The webcast will be archived in the Investor Information section of our website.

In addition, an investor financial supplement for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 is available in the Investor Information section of our website.

About AXIS Capital

AXIS Capital, through its operating subsidiaries, is a global specialty underwriter and provider of insurance and reinsurance solutions. The Company has shareholders' equity of $5.5 billion at March 31, 2024, and locations in Bermuda, the United States, Europe, Singapore and Canada. Its operating subsidiaries have been assigned a financial strength rating of "A+" ("Strong") by Standard & Poor's and "A" ("Excellent") by A.M. Best. For more information about AXIS Capital, visit our website at www.axiscapital.com.

Website and Social Media Disclosure

We use our website (www.axiscapital.com) and our corporate LinkedIn (AXIS Capital) and X Corp. (@AXIS_Capital) accounts as channels of distribution of Company information. The information we post through these channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these channels, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. In addition, e-mail alerts and other information about AXIS Capital may be received by those enrolled in our "E-mail Alerts" program which can be found in the Investor Information section of our website (www.axiscapital.com). The contents of our website and social media channels are not part of this press release.

Follow AXIS Capital on LinkedIn and X Corp.

LinkedIn: http://bit.ly/2kRYbZ5

AXIS CAPITAL HOLDINGS LIMITED

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

MARCH 31, 2024 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2024

 

2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

Assets

 

Investments:

 

Fixed maturities, available for sale, at fair value

$

12,269,310

 

 

$

12,234,742

 

Fixed maturities, held to maturity, at amortized cost

 

693,042

 

 

 

686,296

 

Equity securities, at fair value

 

582,178

 

 

 

588,511

 

Mortgage loans, held for investment, at fair value

 

609,704

 

 

 

610,148

 

Other investments, at fair value

 

934,724

 

 

 

949,413

 

Equity method investments

 

182,594

 

 

 

174,634

 

Short-term investments, at fair value

 

75,879

 

 

 

17,216

 

Total investments

 

15,347,431

 

 

 

15,260,960

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

1,143,951

 

 

 

953,476

 

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

 

697,623

 

 

 

430,509

 

Accrued interest receivable

 

107,131

 

 

 

106,055

 

Insurance and reinsurance premium balances receivable

 

3,517,242

 

 

 

3,067,554

 

Reinsurance recoverable on unpaid losses and loss expenses

 

6,503,188

 

 

 

6,323,083

 

Reinsurance recoverable on paid losses and loss expenses

 

472,660

 

 

 

575,847

 

Deferred acquisition costs

 

543,343

 

 

 

450,950

 

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

 

2,060,717

 

 

 

1,916,087

 

Receivable for investments sold

 

5,686

 

 

 

8,767

 

Goodwill

 

100,801

 

 

 

100,801

 

Intangible assets

 

184,155

 

 

 

186,883

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

104,162

 

 

 

108,093

 

Loan advances made

 

345,065

 

 

 

305,222

 

Other assets

 

625,535

 

 

 

456,385

 

Total assets

 

$

31,758,690

 

 

$

30,250,672

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Reserve for losses and loss expenses

$

16,630,897

 

 

$

16,434,018

 

Unearned premiums

 

5,353,827

 

 

 

4,747,602

 

Insurance and reinsurance balances payable

 

1,909,309

 

 

 

1,792,719

 

Debt

 

1,314,074

 

 

 

1,313,714

 

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

85,790

 

 

 

85,790

 

Payable for investments purchased

 

493,582

 

 

 

26,093

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

119,124

 

 

 

123,101

 

Other liabilities

 

346,932

 

 

 

464,439

 

Total liabilities

 

 

26,253,535

 

 

 

24,987,476

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Preferred shares

 

550,000

 

 

 

550,000

 

Common shares

 

2,206

 

 

 

2,206

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

2,368,144

 

 

 

2,383,030

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(411,849

)

 

 

(365,836

)

Retained earnings

 

6,790,558

 

 

 

6,440,528

 

Treasury shares, at cost

 

(3,793,904

)

 

 

(3,746,732

)

Total shareholders' equity

 

5,505,155

 

 

 

5,263,196

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

31,758,690

 

 

$

30,250,672

 

 

AXIS CAPITAL HOLDINGS LIMITED

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2024 AND 2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

2024

 

2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

Revenues

 

Net premiums earned

$

1,258,041

 

 

$

1,230,199

 

Net investment income

 

167,383

 

 

 

133,771

 

Net investment gains (losses)

 

(9,207

)

 

 

(20,190

)

Other insurance related income

 

8,340

 

 

 

577

 

Total revenues

 

1,424,557

 

 

 

1,344,357

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

Net losses and loss expenses

 

728,671

 

 

 

720,642

 

Acquisition costs

 

254,254

 

 

 

230,373

 

General and administrative expenses

 

163,373

 

 

 

166,811

 

Foreign exchange losses (gains)

 

(23,552

)

 

 

8,710

 

Interest expense and financing costs

 

17,147

 

 

 

16,894

 

Reorganization expenses

 

12,299

 

 

 

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

2,729

 

 

 

2,729

 

Total expenses

 

1,154,921

 

 

 

1,146,159

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes and interest in income (loss) of equity method investments

 

269,636

 

 

 

198,198

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

124,654

 

 

 

(15,896

)

Interest in income (loss) of equity method investments

 

1,169

 

 

 

(2,205

)

Net income

 

395,459

 

 

 

180,097

 

Preferred share dividends

 

7,563

 

 

 

7,563

 

Net income available to common shareholders

$

387,896

 

 

$

172,534

 

 

 

 

 

Per share data

 

 

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

Earnings per common share

$

4.57

 

 

$

2.03

 

Earnings per diluted common share

$

4.53

 

 

$

2.01

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

84,879

 

 

 

84,864

 

Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding

 

85,693

 

 

 

85,853

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

$

0.44

 

 

$

0.44

 

 

AXIS CAPITAL HOLDINGS LIMITED

CONSOLIDATED SEGMENTAL DATA (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2024 AND 2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2024

 

2023

 

Insurance

 

Reinsurance

 

Total

 

Insurance

 

Reinsurance

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

Gross premiums written

$

1,574,505

 

 

$

1,079,922

 

 

$

2,654,427

 

 

$

1,415,612

 

 

$

966,364

 

 

$

2,381,976

 

Net premiums written

 

1,022,354

 

 

 

699,719

 

 

 

1,722,073

 

 

 

882,576

 

 

 

725,780

 

 

 

1,608,356

 

Net premiums earned

 

917,946

 

 

 

340,095

 

 

 

1,258,041

 

 

 

816,456

 

 

 

413,743

 

 

 

1,230,199

 

Other insurance related income

 

21

 

 

 

8,319

 

 

 

8,340

 

 

 

54

 

 

 

523

 

 

 

577

 

Net losses and loss expenses

 

(496,864

)

 

 

(231,807

)

 

 

(728,671

)

 

 

(449,467

)

 

 

(271,175

)

 

 

(720,642

)

Acquisition costs

 

(176,029

)

 

 

(78,225

)

 

 

(254,254

)

 

 

(147,058

)

 

 

(83,315

)

 

 

(230,373

)

Underwriting-related general and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

administrative expenses(10)

 

(122,087

)

 

 

(15,706

)

 

 

(137,793

)

 

 

(116,630

)

 

 

(23,765

)

 

 

(140,395

)

Underwriting income(11)

$

122,987

 

 

$

22,676

 

 

 

145,663

 

 

$

103,355

 

 

$

36,011

 

 

 

139,366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net investment income

 

 

 

 

 

167,383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

133,771

 

Net investment gains (losses)

 

 

 

 

 

(9,207

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,190

)

Corporate expenses(10)

 

 

 

 

 

(25,580

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(26,416

)

Foreign exchange (losses) gains

 

 

 

 

 

23,552

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,710

)

Interest expense and financing costs

 

 

 

 

 

(17,147

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(16,894

)

Reorganization expenses

 

 

 

 

 

(12,299

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

(2,729

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,729

)

Income before income taxes and interest in income (loss) of equity method investments

 

 

 

 

 

269,636

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

198,198

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

 

 

 

 

124,654

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(15,896

)

Interest in income (loss) of equity method investments

 

 

 

 

 

1,169

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,205

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

395,459

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

180,097

 

Preferred share dividends

 

 

 

 

 

7,563

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,563

 

Net income available to common shareholders

 

 

 

 

$

387,896

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

172,534

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net losses and loss expenses ratio

 

54.1

%

 

 

68.2

%

 

 

57.9

%

 

 

55.1

%

 

 

65.5

%

 

 

58.6

%

Acquisition cost ratio

 

19.2

%

 

 

23.0

%

 

 

20.2

%

 

 

18.0

%

 

 

20.1

%

 

 

18.7

%

General and administrative expense ratio

 

13.3

%

 

 

4.6

%

 

 

13.0

%

 

 

14.2

%

 

 

5.8

%

 

 

13.6

%

Combined ratio

 

86.6

%

 

 

95.8

%

 

 

91.1

%

 

 

87.3

%

 

 

91.4

%

 

 

90.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 Underwriting-related general and administrative expenses is a non-GAAP financial measure as defined in SEC Regulation G. The reconciliation to general and administrative expenses, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, also included corporate expenses of $26 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Underwriting-related general and administrative expenses and corporate expenses are included in the general and administrative expense ratio.

11 Consolidated underwriting income (loss) is a non-GAAP financial measure as defined in SEC Regulation G. The reconciliation to net income (loss), the most comparable GAAP financial measure, is presented above.

AXIS CAPITAL HOLDINGS LIMITED

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES RECONCILIATION (UNAUDITED)

OPERATING INCOME AND OPERATING RETURN ON AVERAGE COMMON EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2024 AND 2023

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

2024

 

2023

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

Net income available to common shareholders

$

387,896

 

 

$

172,534

 

Net investment (gains) losses

 

9,207

 

 

 

20,190

 

Foreign exchange losses (gains)

 

(23,552

)

 

 

8,710

 

Reorganization expenses

 

12,299

 

 

 

 

Interest in (income) loss of equity method investments

 

(1,169

)

 

 

2,205

 

Bermuda net deferred tax asset(12)

 

(162,705

)

 

 

 

Income tax benefit(13)

 

(1,814

)

 

 

(3,585

)

Operating income

$

220,162

 

 

$

200,054

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per diluted common share

$

4.53

 

 

$

2.01

 

Net investment (gains) losses

 

0.11

 

 

 

0.24

 

Foreign exchange losses (gains)

 

(0.27

)

 

 

0.10

 

Reorganization expenses

 

0.14

 

 

 

 

Interest in (income) loss of equity method investments

 

(0.01

)

 

 

0.03

 

Bermuda net deferred tax asset

 

(1.90

)

 

 

 

Income tax benefit

 

(0.03

)

 

 

(0.05

)

Operating income per diluted common share

$

2.57

 

 

$

2.33

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding

 

85,693

 

 

 

85,853

 

 

 

 

 

Average common shareholders' equity

$

4,834,176

 

 

$

4,250,070

 

 

 

 

 

Annualized return on average common equity

 

32.1

%

 

 

16.2

%

 

 

 

 

Annualized operating return on average common equity(14)

 

18.2

%

 

 

18.8

%

 

 

 

 

12 Net deferred tax benefit due to the recognition of deferred tax assets net of deferred tax liabilities related to a future Bermuda corporate income tax rate of 15%, pursuant to the Corporate Income Tax Act 2023.

13 Tax expense (benefit) associated with the adjustments to net income (loss) available (attributable) to common shareholders. Tax impact is estimated by applying the statutory rates of applicable jurisdictions.

14 Annualized operating return on average common equity ("operating ROACE") is a non-GAAP financial measure as defined in SEC Regulation G. The reconciliation to annualized ROACE, the most comparable GAAP financial measure is presented in the table above, and a discussion of the rationale for its presentation is provided later in this press release.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements, other than statements of historical facts included in this press release, including statements regarding our estimates, beliefs, expectations, intentions, strategies or projections are forward-looking statements. We intend these forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements in the United States federal securities laws. In some cases, these statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as "may", "should", "could", "anticipate", "estimate", "expect", "plan", "believe", "predict", "potential", "intend" or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, and are based on current expectations, estimates and projections, and various assumptions, many of which, by their nature, are inherently uncertain and beyond management's control.

Forward-looking statements contained in this press release may include, but are not limited to, information regarding our estimates for losses and loss expenses, measurements of potential losses in the fair value of our investment portfolio and derivative contracts, our expectations regarding the performance of our business, our financial results, our liquidity and capital resources, the outcome of our strategic initiatives, our expectations regarding pricing and other market and economic conditions including the liquidity of financial markets, developments in the commercial real estate market, inflation, our growth prospects, and valuations of the potential impact of movements in interest rates, credit spreads, equity securities' prices, and foreign currency exchange rates.

Forward-looking statements only reflect our expectations and are not guarantees of performance. These statements involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those indicated in such statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

Insurance Risk

  • the cyclical nature of insurance and reinsurance business leading to periods with excess underwriting capacity and unfavorable premium rates;
  • the occurrence and magnitude of natural and man-made disasters, including the potential increase of our exposure to natural catastrophe losses due to climate change and the potential for inherently unpredictable losses from man-made catastrophes, such as cyber-attacks;
  • the effects of emerging claims, systemic risks, and coverage and regulatory issues, including increasing litigation and uncertainty related to coverage definitions, limits, terms and conditions;
  • actual claims exceeding reserves for losses and loss expenses;
  • losses related to the Israel-Hamas conflict and the associated conflict in the Red Sea, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, terrorism and political unrest, or other unanticipated losses;
  • the adverse impact of social and economic inflation;
  • the failure of any of the loss limitation methods we employ;
  • the failure of our cedants to adequately evaluate risks;

Strategic Risk

  • increased competition and consolidation in the insurance and reinsurance industry;
  • changes in the political environment of certain countries in which we operate or underwrite business;
  • the loss of business provided to us by major brokers;
  • a decline in our ratings with rating agencies;
  • the loss of one or more of our key executives;
  • increasing scrutiny and evolving expectations from investors, customers, regulators, policymakers and other stakeholders regarding environmental, social and governance matters;
  • the adverse impact of contagious diseases (including COVID-19) on our business, results of operations, financial condition, and liquidity;

Credit and Market Risk

  • the inability to purchase reinsurance or collect amounts due to us from reinsurance we have purchased;
  • the failure of our policyholders or intermediaries to pay premiums;
  • general economic, capital and credit market conditions, including banking and commercial real estate sector instability, financial market illiquidity and fluctuations in interest rates, credit spreads, equity securities' prices, and/or foreign currency exchange rates;
  • breaches by third parties in our program business of their obligations to us;

Liquidity Risk

  • the inability to access sufficient cash to meet our obligations when they are due;

Operational Risk

  • changes in accounting policies or practices;
  • the use of industry models and changes to these models;
  • difficulties with technology and/or data security;
  • the failure of the processes, people or systems that we rely on to maintain our operations and manage the operational risks inherent to our business, including those outsourced to third parties;

Regulatory Risk

  • changes in governmental regulations and potential government intervention in our industry;
  • inadvertent failure to comply with certain laws and regulations relating to sanctions, foreign corrupt practices, data protection and privacy; and

Risks Related to Taxation

  • changes in tax laws.

Readers should carefully consider the risks noted above together with other factors including but not limited to those described under Item 1A, 'Risk Factors' in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), as those factors may be updated from time to time in our periodic and other filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.

We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

Rationale for the Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We present our results of operations in a way we believe will be meaningful and useful to investors, analysts, rating agencies and others who use our financial information to evaluate our performance. Some of the measurements we use are considered non-GAAP financial measures under SEC rules and regulations. In this press release, we present underwriting-related general and administrative expenses, consolidated underwriting income (loss), operating income (loss) (in total and on a per share basis), annualized operating return on average common equity ("operating ROACE"), amounts presented on a constant currency basis and pre-tax total return on cash and investments excluding foreign exchange movements which are non-GAAP financial measures as defined in SEC Regulation G. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures, which may be defined and calculated differently by other companies, help explain and enhance the understanding of our results of operations. However, these measures should not be viewed as a substitute for those determined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP").

Underwriting-Related General and Administrative Expenses

Underwriting-related general and administrative expenses include those general and administrative expenses that are incremental and/or directly attributable to our underwriting operations. While this measure is presented in the 'Segment Information' note to our Consolidated Financial Statements, it is considered a non-GAAP financial measure when presented elsewhere on a consolidated basis.

Corporate expenses include holding company costs necessary to support our worldwide insurance and reinsurance operations and costs associated with operating as a publicly-traded company. As these costs are not incremental and/or directly attributable to our underwriting operations, these costs are excluded from underwriting-related general and administrative expenses, and therefore, consolidated underwriting income (loss). General and administrative expenses, the most comparable GAAP financial measure to underwriting-related general and administrative expenses, also includes corporate expenses.

The reconciliation of underwriting-related general and administrative expenses to general and administrative expenses, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, is presented in the 'Consolidated Segmental Data' section of this press release.

Consolidated Underwriting Income (Loss)

Consolidated underwriting income (loss) is a pre-tax measure of underwriting profitability that takes into account net premiums earned and other insurance related income (loss) as revenues and net losses and loss expenses, acquisition costs and underwriting-related general and administrative expenses as expenses. While this measure is presented in the 'Segment Information' note to our Consolidated Financial Statements, it is considered a non-GAAP financial measure when presented elsewhere on a consolidated basis.

We evaluate our underwriting results separately from the performance of our investment portfolio. As a result, we believe it is appropriate to exclude net investment income and net investment gains (losses) from our underwriting profitability measure.

Foreign exchange losses (gains) in our consolidated statements of operations primarily relate to the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on our net insurance-related liabilities. However, we manage our investment portfolio in such a way that unrealized and realized foreign exchange losses (gains) on our investment portfolio, including unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains) on our equity securities, and foreign exchange losses (gains) realized on the sale of our available for sale investments and equity securities recognized in net investment gains (losses), and unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains) on our available for sale investments in other comprehensive income (loss), generally offset a large portion of the foreign exchange losses (gains) arising from our underwriting portfolio, thereby minimizing the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on total shareholders' equity. As a result, we believe that foreign exchange losses (gains) in our consolidated statements of operations in isolation are not a meaningful contributor to our underwriting performance. Therefore, foreign exchange losses (gains) are excluded from consolidated underwriting income (loss).

Interest expense and financing costs primarily relate to interest payable on our debt and Federal Home Loan Bank advances. As these expenses are not incremental and/or directly attributable to our underwriting operations, these expenses are excluded from underwriting-related general and administrative expenses, and therefore, consolidated underwriting income (loss).

Reorganization expenses in 2024 primarily relate to severance costs mainly attributable to our "How We Work" program which is focused on simplifying our operating structure. Reorganization expenses are primarily driven by business decisions, the nature and timing of which are not related to the underwriting process. Therefore, these expenses are excluded from consolidated underwriting income (loss).

Amortization of intangible assets arose from business decisions, the nature and timing of which are not related to the underwriting process. Therefore, these expenses are excluded from consolidated underwriting income (loss).

We believe that the presentation of underwriting-related general and administrative expenses and consolidated underwriting income (loss) provides investors with an enhanced understanding of our results of operations by highlighting the underlying pre-tax profitability of our underwriting activities. The reconciliation of consolidated underwriting income (loss) to net income (loss), the most comparable GAAP financial measure, is presented in the 'Consolidated Segmental Data' section of this press release.

Operating Income (Loss)

Operating income (loss) represents after-tax operational results exclusive of net investment gains (losses), foreign exchange losses (gains), reorganization expenses, interest in income (loss) of equity method investments and Bermuda net deferred tax asset.

Although the investment of premiums to generate income and investment gains (losses) is an integral part of our operations, the determination to realize investment gains (losses) is independent of the underwriting process and is heavily influenced by the availability of market opportunities. Furthermore, many users believe that the timing of the realization of investment gains (losses) is somewhat opportunistic for many companies.

Foreign exchange losses (gains) in our consolidated statements of operations primarily relate to the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on net insurance-related liabilities. However, we manage our investment portfolio in such a way that unrealized and realized foreign exchange losses (gains) on our investment portfolio, including unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains) on our equity securities and foreign exchange losses (gains) realized on the sale of our available for sale investments and equity securities recognized in net investment gains (losses) and unrealized foreign exchange losses (gains) on our available for sale investments in other comprehensive income (loss), generally offset a large portion of the foreign exchange losses (gains) arising from our underwriting portfolio, thereby minimizing the impact of foreign exchange rate movements on total shareholders' equity. As a result, we believe that foreign exchange losses (gains) in our consolidated statements of operations in isolation are not a meaningful contributor to the performance of our business. Therefore, foreign exchange losses (gains) are excluded from operating income (loss).

Reorganization expenses in 2024 primarily relate to severance costs mainly attributable to our "How We Work" program which is focused on simplifying our operating structure. Reorganization expenses are primarily driven by business decisions, the nature and timing of which are not related to the underwriting process. Therefore, these expenses are excluded from operating income (loss).

Interest in income (loss) of equity method investments is primarily driven by business decisions, the nature and timing of which are not related to the underwriting process. Therefore, this income (loss) is excluded from operating income (loss).

Bermuda net deferred tax asset is due to the recognition of deferred tax assets net of deferred tax liabilities related to a future Bermuda corporate income tax rate of 15%, pursuant to the Corporate Income Tax Act 2023 effective for fiscal years beginning on or after January 1, 2025. The Bermuda net deferred tax asset is not related to the underwriting process. Therefore, this income is excluded from operating income (loss).

Certain users of our financial statements evaluate performance exclusive of after-tax net investment gains (losses), foreign exchange losses (gains), reorganization expenses, interest in income (loss) of equity method investments and Bermuda net deferred tax asset in order to understand the profitability of recurring sources of income.

We believe that showing net income (loss) available (attributable) to common shareholders exclusive of after-tax net investment gains (losses), foreign exchange losses (gains), reorganization expenses, interest in income (loss) of equity method investments and Bermuda net deferred tax asset reflects the underlying fundamentals of our business. In addition, we believe that this presentation enables investors and other users of our financial information to analyze performance in a manner similar to how our management analyzes the underlying business performance. We also believe this measure follows industry practice and, therefore, facilitates comparison of our performance with our peer group. We believe that equity analysts and certain rating agencies that follow us, and the insurance industry as a whole, generally exclude these items from their analyses for the same reasons. The reconciliation of operating income (loss) to net income (loss) available (attributable) to common shareholders, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, is presented in the 'Non-GAAP Financial Measures Reconciliation' section of this press release.

We also present operating income (loss) per diluted common share and annualized operating ROACE, which are derived from the operating income (loss) measure and are reconciled to the most comparable GAAP financial measures, earnings (loss) per diluted common share and annualized return on average common equity ("ROACE"), respectively, in the 'Non-GAAP Financial Measures Reconciliation' section of this press release.

Constant Currency Basis

We present gross premiums written and net premiums written on a constant currency basis in this press release. The amounts presented on a constant currency basis are calculated by applying the average foreign exchange rate from the current year to the prior year amounts. We believe this presentation enables investors and other users of our financial information to analyze growth in gross premiums written and net premiums written on a constant basis. The reconciliation to gross premiums written and net premiums written on a GAAP basis is presented in the 'Insurance Segment' and 'Reinsurance Segment' sections of this press release.

Pre-Tax Total Return on Cash and Investments excluding Foreign Exchange Movements

Pre-tax total return on cash and investments excluding foreign exchange movements measures net investment income (loss), net investments gains (losses), interest in income (loss) of equity method investments, and change in unrealized gains (losses) generated by average cash and investment balances. We believe this presentation enables investors and other users of our financial information to analyze the performance of our investment portfolio. The reconciliation of pre-tax total return on cash and investments excluding foreign exchange movements to pre-tax total return on cash and investments, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, is presented in the 'Investments' section of this press release.

Cliff Gallant (Investor Contact): (415) 262-6843; investorrelations@axiscapital.com

Nichola Liboro (Media Contact): (917) 705-4579; nichola.liboro@axiscapital.com

Source: AXIS Capital Holdings Limited